Structural Fire Protection in Buildings

Fire load insulation in escape routes

The main objective of preventive fire protection is the protection of people and thus securing escape and rescue routes.
A rescue route is a structural route, which people can use in the event of acute danger to get to safety or which allows them to be rescued with the help of others.

Rescue routes must be designed as a safe escape tunnel so that a building can be exited safely and evacuation is possible. This means: Escape routes must be kept free of fire and smoke for a certain period of time and additional fire must not be sparked by combustible material such as fire loads of electrical installations.

Maintenance of performance of electrical security systems

Electrical wiring systems for safety-related systems and equipment must be designed so that they are protected against external fire and remain functional for a certain period of time in the event of a fire.
Both cables as well as distribution boards are components of electrical wiring systems. To achieve this end, fire protection housings and such are used to protect distribution boards from external fire.

Separation of fire and smoke zones

A fire zone is intended to burn out in case of a damage event (in the event of a fire). It must be ensured that fire spreading to other fire zones is prevented.

Ventilation, smoke extraction and smoke control systems

According to building law, required corridors and stairwells must be usable for a sufficiently long period of time. The use must not be compromised by smoke. For this reason, smoke vents play an important role in fire protection concepts.


Safety stairwells are especially important security features when incorporated in fire safety concepts and rescue plans. They must be especially secure and are subject to special regulations. No smoke must penetrate safety stairwells at all.
This is the only way to ensure that the safety stairwells are usable at any time by both inhabitants of a building and emergency services.

Non-Combustible Decorative Interior and Acoustics

Building regulations require proof of inflammability of material used in various areas.

The intention is to ensure that any materials used in rescue routes or assembly rooms do not actively contribute to a fire and to prevent the formation of smoke and toxic gases.
The pertinent requirements are defined in various State Building Codes, Building Supervision Directives and Regulations.

The need to provide proof or suitability for decorative panel material by building authorities derives from Sections 17, 18 and 19 Model Building Regulations. These regulations determine that inflammable construction material may only be offered for sale (according to the Building Rules List) if proof of inflammable properties has been provided.