Fire protection during storage of lithium batteries

Fire protection during storage of lithium batteries

Lithium batteries are highly efficient energy storage media that are ideal for a wide range of applications. Considering the burgeoning demand for energy, storing energy has an especially important role to play. That means that the need for high-performance batteries will continue to increase.

The benefits of lithium batteries

  • They have a high level of cell voltage
  • There is no memory-effect with secondary batteries (they are rechargeable where primary batteries are not)
  • Low level of self-discharge

These properties are making lithium batteries increasingly popular in many areas of everyday-life and industry. With the breath-taking increase in lithium battery applications, manufacturers, installers and users also have to increasingly come to terms with safety. For instance, technical defects or incorrect handling of these batteries when storing, charging or operating them can cause the energy stored to be discharged in an uncontrolled fashion, which often causes fires.

 

„From the property insurer’s view, lithium batteries must potentially be classified as a hazard …“

Carsten Tormöhlen, Allianz Deutschland AG

The advantages of Li-batteries in terms of flexible application possibilities and high performance also entail an increased fire risk.

„It is advisable to treat lithium batteries as a hazardous material during manufacture, production, storage and transport“.

Companies must take this increased fire risk into account when storing batteries or actively operating battery storage facilities.

The insurance company FM Global as well as the German Insurance Association are sending reminders:

„…special precautions are necessary for the storage of Li-ion batteries!“

Causes of fires lithium batteries

Overheating when
charging

Using the wrong
chargers or overcharging

Deep discharge

Mechanical damage

High ambient
temperature

Applications of lithium batteries

For electric bikes or e-scooters
For garden tools e.g. lawn robots
For consumer electronics e.g.: laptop batteries
For power tools

Bilder: istockphoto.com

Product overview

PRIOCAB-Li Typ90

Under-table cabinets – PRIOCAB Typ90

  • Fire resistance 90 minutes: fire resistant
  • Safety cabinet Typ90
  • GS Certificates
  • Suited to storing slight quantities of lithium batteries

PRIOCAB-Li Typ90

1-/ 2-leaf safety cabinet for the storage of lithium-ion batteries

  • 90 minutes of fire resistance: fireproof
  • Safety cabinet Typ90
  • GS Certificates
  • Suited to storing slight quantities of lithium batteries

PRIOCAB-Li EI90

2-leaf free-standing cabinet for the storage of lithium-ion batteries

  • Tested fire protection from the inside and outside
  • Fire resistance rating over 90 minutes
  • Suited to storing slight quantities of lithium batteries

PRIOBOX

Fire Resistant Batterie Box – PRIOBOX

  • 90 minutes of fire resistance: fireproof
  • Suited to storing larger quantities of lithium batteries
  • Expert opinion of an accredited material test office

PRIOROOM

Individually designable room consisting of individual noncombustible elements

  • Fire resistance rating 90 minutes, fire resistant
  • Walls: EI 90 classification
  • Accessible entry
  • Suited to storing larger quantities of lithium batteries

PRIOCOVER

Mobile fire protection cover for lithium-ion batteries

  • Universally applicable slip-on housing
  • Fire resistant construction – Fire resistance 90 minutes
  • Expert opinion of an accredited material testing institute

PRIOPACK

Storage container for safe storage of rechargeable lithium-ion batteries

  • Fire resistant storage containers
  • 90 minutes of fire resistance
  • Separate storage of defective or damaged batteries

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